You don't have to go vegan to help the environment, scientist says
Veganism is seen by many as the natural choice for protecting the environment, but it needn't be this way
There is no doubting the huge environmental consequences farming and livestock industries inflict on the planet. However, you don't need to go full vegan to reduce your own impact, according to dietitian Kiri Elliott.
Speaking exclusively to JOE, Elliott said:
"Agriculture and livestock farming are by far the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, deforestation, biodiversity loss, and soil pollution, as well as land and water use.
"Compared to the typical UK diet, a vegan diet has a significantly lower carbon foot print and is associated with lower greenhouse gas emissions.
"However, you don't have to go vegan to have a positive impact on the environment. For example, the average intake of meat by adults in the UK is 108 grams (think a 4 oz steak). If this was reduced to 50g per day (a 2 oz steak), the carbon foot print is reduced by 39%. Also evidence suggests that 25% of all food purchased in the UK is wasted, addressing this would also have a huge impact on our greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint."
Is veganism a healthy choice?
Many vegan foods contain a high number of essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients, but your body also needs micronutrients present in animal protein.
B vitamins, which are pivotal for energy production, are found in their highest quantity in meat and poultry.
Can you still build muscle as a vegan?
While the Western world probably needs to drop its meat intake somewhat, the branched chain amino acids and essential amino acids present in meat make it a valuable source of muscle-building nutrition.
However, this doesn't mean vegans can't build muscle. You'd just have to structure meals slightly differently.
Whereas a chicken breast or salmon fillet makes up the 25-30 grams of protein needed per meal, there aren't many vegan sources which live up to this billing. If you've gone plant-based, you'll instead need to combine a variety of vegan proteins.
- Kidney beans
I recently trained with vegan bodybuilder Paul Kerton, who goes by the 'Hench Herbivore' moniker. See the full clip below:
This vegan bodybuilder explains how he built muscle without meat. 💪🌱 pic.twitter.com/7a6AS41QFw
— JOE (@JOE_co_uk) January 29, 2019
Kiri Elliott is a lecturer in Dietetics at Birmingham City University
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