On board the fitness regime of an elite sailor
More people have gone in to space than have sailed single-handedly around the world
As an elite sailor, this is one of Alex Thomson's tasks as he partakes in the Vendée Globe – otherwise known as the ‘Everest of the Seas’.
This non-stop, three-month, 25,000-mile solo race around the globe is as extreme as racing gets. Less than 50% of competitors who begin the race successfully finish it and some have lost their lives along the way.
The nature of the race means that Thomson has to part with home comforts and human needs such as eating and sleeping for three months, all while controlling a boat the size of a three-storey building.
A true test of both physical and mental strength, the race battles solitude in some of the most ferocious waters in the world. Thomson's fitness regime plays an essential role in enabling his ability to cope with the physical demands of the race.
JOE spoke to Thomson to gain further insight into his regime.
What are the physical requirements of elite-level sailing?
AT: "Single-handed offshore racing is about as gruelling as sailing gets. When I race in the Vendée Globe - which happens just every four years and is the pinnacle of our sport - I am pushed to the limit both physically and mentally.
"There are many different requirements on the physical side – you need to have the stamina to be able to keep working around the clock (there is no day and night in this race), the strength to be able to constantly move heavy items from one side of the boat to another, the balance and co-ordination to operate while sailing at high speeds and extreme angles.
"You also need to be comfortable operating with very little sleep. During the last Vendée, the most I slept at any one time over the 75 days of the race was one hour. It is just relentless."
What particular attributes are most important?
"Upper body strength is very important, especially when you consider that individual sails weigh up to 60 kilos.
"But balance, mobility and flexibility are also important because, on the boat, I move around so much and I’m always changing levels, bending and kneeling. Even the simplest of tasks can be incredibly difficult, so balance and mobility are key."
Alex's Strength and Conditioning Routine
- Barbell Chest Press: 4 sets of 6 reps
- Leg Press: 4 sets of 8 reps
- Single Arm Bench Row: 4 sets of 6 reps
- Alternate Incline Dumbbell Press: 4 sets of 6 reps
- Drop Jumps [24-inch bodyweight]: 4 sets of 10 reps
- Barbell Curl into Overhead Press: 3 sets of 6 reps
- Low Cable Row: 3 sets of 6 reps
- Single-Leg Romanian Deadlifts: 3 sets of 8 reps on each leg
- Weighted Pull-Ups: 3 sets of 4 reps
How do you eat to fuel an ‘around the world’ sail?
"There is no kitchen onboard the boat. Eating can become monotonous, but I have to make sure I consume enough calories every day in order to perform to the best of my ability.
"In the Southern Ocean, for example, the conditions are so brutal that I need to consume around 7,000 calories a day just to be able to keep my energy levels where they need to be. I always joke that, as nice as it is to hear from friends, family and fans on social media during the race, the only thing I don’t want to hear about is what food they’re eating!"
How do you go about planning/scheduling your training?
[Alex's trainer Lawrence Knott]
LK: "Alex has a really demanding schedule, particularly when he’s preparing to race, so we have to be as flexible as possible with his training.
"Swimming is rotational and repetitive, which is very similar to the grinder on the boat (a device onboard the boat which is used to raise and trim the sails).
"In swimming, the athlete is constantly rotating the arms and shoulders, and they need to be in a position to keep that rotation going for significant periods, so it’s a great form of exercise to do if you’re on the grinder for long periods like Alex is."
Do any other sports inform Alex's training plan?
LK: "We also do a lot of cycling, both in the gym and on a mountain bike.
"Again, this is rotational and it really works the legs, which is where Alex will carry the heavy loads that he lifts during races. We’ll also try to fit in some hill sprints because they cause the heart rate to rise significantly.
"From there, it’s about how quickly you can recover. This is good because it allows us to build up Alex’s overall fitness, recovery times and lactic threshold."
Alex's Conditioning Circuit
Each station lasts for 45 seconds, with a 15 second rest in between exercises
- Press Ups (bodyweight)
- Step Ups: with an 8kg dumbbell in each hand
- Chin Ups (bodyweight)
- Left-Hand Dumbbell Raises: 15kg
- Walking Lunge: 20kg plate overhead
- TRX Rows (bodyweight)
- Right-Hand Dumbbell Raises: 15kg
- Medicine Ball Slams: 8kg
Alex Thomson's next race will see him compete in the 'Route du Rhum' in November – a route that will take him from Saint Malo, France, to Guadeloupe in the Caribbean.