Trap bar deadlift: the best exercise you're probably not doing
Think of weight training, and certain lifts immediately spring to mind - the bench press, squat and deadlift to name just three
These are all fantastic exercises that provide an enormous amount gains for your body - but the trap bar deadlift could be the daddy of them all.
Andy Vincent, elite PT at Third Space, Soho provided JOE with a breakdown of what you can get out of the lift.
Instead of using a traditional barbell, a trap (or hex) bar looks like this:
What are the benefits?
"A trap bar deadlift allows for more knee flexion. Ordinarily, there is a barbell against the shin in a deadlift which stops the knees coming forward excessively.
"This often forces you to sit back further to pick up the bar. A trap bar doesn’t have a bar in front of the shins, so you are able to find a position more suited to your own body. So if you’re tall, have long femurs (thigh bone), poor hip mobility or lower back pain, you can usually find a posture that’s comfortable to lift with."
How do you perform the trap bar deadlift?
- Stand with feet roughly hip width apart and toes slightly turned out
- Have your hands out in front of you (arms parallel to the ground) to engage your lats (back muscles) and imagine you're trying to crush an orange under your armpits by squeezing your shoulders down
- Break into the hips first and sit back, keeping your spine in the same posture as it was standing (neutral). Go down until your hands meet the bar
- You need a bit of weight in your hands to pull back against to reinforce full body tension. The metal surface of the bar will make a “click” sounds as it touches the metal inner of an Olympic plate (ideally use Olympic plates)
- Inhale though your nose and brace hard.
- Lift to the top and pause before coming back to the floor. Rest and start again
How should the trap bar deadlift feature in your programme?
"The deadlift is pretty much always the primary lift. That means it’s done first, maybe second. I’m not a big fan of high volume deadlifting, so I’d never program more than 6-8 reps for this lift.
"Treat it as a movement pattern and don't think too much about muscle groups. The deadlift would fit into a pulling session where you group your “pulls” together (back and rear delt exercises) or you could program it for a full body session and build some accessory work around the deadlift."
Is it more beneficial than conventional and sumo deadlifts?
"It’s not necessarily more beneficial, however it’s easier to find a more comfortable movement pattern, so you are less likely to do something that could hurt you.
"It’s natural to stand taller using the trap bar and this will place less stress on the lower back muscles. It gets used as a hybrid lift somewhere between the classic deadlift and a squat, which makes it a nice place to get strong safely.
"If I’m programming a client to deadlift in their own session without supervision I will pretty much always start with the trap bar variation."
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Trap bar / Hex bar - whatever you want to call it. This bar sometimes divides opinion. Is it a deadlift, squat or some hybrid lift. What are you thoughts? . . Like anything it depends on you, your proportions, your mechanics and what you want to achieve / target. . . Start thinking is it hip dominate or knee dominate. Altering your body position will change the stresses placed upon joints and therefore the muscles around that joint. . . On the left I’m making the lift more knee dominant by standing taller and therefore bending at the knee more. Whereas on the right I’m doing more of a hip hinge and making it more hip dominant. Neither is right or wrong, better or worse. It just depends on what you are trying to do. . . I’ll be discussing hinge vs squat and proportions in my talk at #sweatlifefestival for @lululemonuk
Two kinds of people should stick to the normal deadlift: powerlifters, who are judged on it - and athletes who are tested on their deadlift performance.
If you don't fall into these categories, however, there's no reason why you shouldn't include some trap bar work in your routine.